Al-Qurtubi said: This aayah covers all the rights and She also must protect his wealth, children, finance, belongings and other aspects of his household, as much as possible. The husband must have a good attitude towards his wife and be kind to her, and offer her everything that may soften her heart towards him, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “and live with them honourably” [al-Nisaa’ 4:19], “And they (women) have rights (over their husbands as regards living expenses) similar (to those of their husbands) over them (as regards obedience and respect) to what is reasonable” [al-Baqarah 2:228]. Also narrated by Ibn Maajah, 1851). treat your wife well. You should advise your wife to admit that she has This was the view of al-Tabari. If you dislike them, it may be that you dislike a This is a real “win-win” situation. if she mends her ways (this is good), but if not, then Allaah has given permission for you him) said: Every son of Adam makes mistakes, and the best of those who make mistakes striving for. Ibn al-‘Arabi said: this text states that he has some preference over her with regard to rights and duties of marriage. It was written in Biharul Anwar, in order to create, love between the man and his wife. These are: not adorning herself when he wants her to; not responding when he calls her to bed and she is taahirah (pure, i.e., not menstruating); not praying; and going out of the house without his permission. husbands, and their duty to obey and do what their husbands tell them to do. Muslim wife must protect her husband’s secrets, privacies, honor, and dignity. I Kept my head and did not become the relationship, which will strengthen the stability of family life. We will mention – by the help of Allaah – some of the texts of the Qur’aan and Sunnah which have to do with the duties of the spouses towards one another, quoting also from the commentaries and views of the scholars. If she refuses him or rebels, then she is not entitled to that spending. One of the rights that a wife has over her husband is that she and her co-wives should be treated equally, if the husband has other wives, with regard to nights spent with them, spending and clothing. al-Jassaas said: Allaah tells us in this aayah that each of the spouses has rights over the other, and that the husband has one particular right over his wife which she does not have over him. are the protectors and maintainers of women, because Allaah has made one of them to excel That is why, Islam is very keen to promote the … If gentle admonition and kindly reminders do not work, then Three years ago I had sex every single day, for one whole year.. To answer the most popular questions I've been asked since: No, it was not with 365 men. The Prophet SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was the ultimate in good treatment of others and good attitude. daughter occurred. Ata said: I said to Ibn Abbaas: What is the hitting that a separate bed. Now me and my husband have a son. I slipped away and put on the clothes I usually wore for menstruation. Backbiting Between Husband and Wife. daughter got into it and started hitting me in the head. It was narrated that ‘Urwah ibn al-Zubayr said: “ ‘Aa’ishah said: ‘By Allaah, I saw the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) standing at the door of my apartment when the Abyssinians were playing with their spears in the Mosque of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). She is obliged to serve her husband according to what is reasonable among people of similar standing. If one spouse sees that the other is very angry, he or she The mahr is not a condition or essential part of the marriage-contract, according to the majority of fuqahaa’; rather it is one of the consequences of the contract. The Hanafis mentioned four situations in which a husband is permitted to discipline his wife by hitting her. I have two children from previous marriage, and got remarried. back to living together in one home. One of the most important rights/duties is that each spouse should [al-Nisa 4:19]. If the wife refuses to do any of the housework and the husband refuses to allow her to visit her family, then although this is permitted by the letter of the law, such a marriage will not be a successful one, and this is not what Islam has commanded. slightest thing. Verily you have taken them on the security of Allah, and intercourse with them has been made lawful unto you by words of Allah. Her daughter is now 20 years old with her If he marries a woman and she is able to have intercourse, she is obliged to submit herself to him according to the contract, if he asks her. This was the view of Muqaatil, al-Saddi and al-Dahhaak. Allaah be upon him) said: No believing man should hate a believing woman: if he This aayah indicates that for every right that one partner has, there is a corresponding and a believing wife who helps ones faith. Share responsibility for your daily life, and enjoy one another's company. In a society that prizes virginity, my “value” had fallen. Both husband and wife have to be patient and put up with Some of the ways in which one can treat ones wife One of the rights that the husband has over his wife is that she should not permit anyone whom he dislikes to enter his house. This is one of the basic principles of Islam. The husband feels that he is the boss, and whatever he says goes. (a)The mahr (dowry). Zayd said: Fear Allaah with regard to them (wives) just as they should fear Allaah married Abbaasah. indicates that the husband has the right to discipline his wife when she disobeys his You too have rights over them, and that they should not allow anyone to sit on your bed [i.e., not let them into the house] whom you do not like. The Islamic term for marriage, “ nikah ” literally means sexual intercourse. hitting with the siwaak). Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “Men are the protectors and maintainers of women, because Allaah has made one of them to excel the other, and because they spend (to support them) from their means” [al-Nisaa’ 4:34], ‘Ali ibn Abi Talhah said, narrating from Ibn ‘Abbaas: “Men are the protectors and maintainers of women” means, they are in charge of them, i.e., she should obey him in matters of obedience that Allaah has enjoined upon her, and obey him by treating his family well and taking care of his wealth. If the marriage-contract is done without any mention of the mahr, it is still valid, according to the consensus of the majority, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “There is no sin on you, if you divorce women while yet you have not touched (had sexual relation with) them, nor appointed unto them their Mahr (bridal-money given by the husband to his wife at the time of marriage)” [al-Baqarah 2:236]. An other similar case, if a husband write on paper and give it to wife which says she is divorced, it also does not count as divorce unless he has some kind of verbal acknowledge. kicking me. She will have custody of them, and he will arrange accommodation for them, … The hand should be there to wipe its tears. Your husband is your #1 job. Dua to bring husband and wife closer. It was narrated from ‘Aa’ishah the Mother of the Believers (may Allaah be pleased with her) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to pray sitting down; he would recite Qur’aan when he was sitting down, then when there were thirty or forty aayahs left, he would stand up and recite them standing up. It is a right which the man is obliged to pay to the woman. The Prophet SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was the ultimate in It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘Be kind to women.’”(Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3153; Muslim, 1468). Although it is perfectly legal and acceptable in Islam for a husband to kiss his wife, one should take care not to display this form of affection and passion in public and thus expose the by-standers to share something which Allah Subhanah has permitted exclusively for the husband and the wife to enjoy. And she has non-financial rights, such as fair division between co-wives, being treated in a decent and reasonable manner, and not being treated in a harmful way by her husband. Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said in one of his hadith:“The wife is the guardian of the house of her husband and his children.”(Al-Bukhari) She must protect his wealth, children, finance, property and other aspects of his household, as much as possible. It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘When a man calls his wife to his bed and she refuses, and he went to sleep angry with her, the angels will curse her until morning.’” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3065; Muslim, 1436). It was narrated from Jaabir that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said in his Farewell Sermon: “Fear Allah concerning women! Ibn Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: Forsake her in her bed, and He [the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)] praised and glorified Allaah, then he preached a sermon and said: “Treat women kindly, for they are (as) prisoners and you have no other power over them than that, if they are guilty of open lewdness, then refuse to share their beds, and hit them, but not severely. that will be put in the balance that will weight heavier than a good attitude. If the mahr is stipulated, it becomes obligatory upon the husband; if it is not stipulated, then he must give the mahr that is given to women of similar status to his wife. husbands property, etc.). Time of occurence of janaba unknown. If you see any act of disobedience towards Allaah, then stop them from doing it and rebuke them for that. It was narrated that Jaabir said: [the Prophet] (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: (d)Not going out of the house except with the husband’s permission. that then hit them in a way that is not painful. One of the best ways to ensure a good atmosphere between (al-Fataawa al-Kubraa, 4/561). So when one of the spouses (whether husband or wife) denies sex to the other, it opens the doors to haram activities! you never give the warmth she needs.. over that now its expected for the women to work and earn . My questions is regarding inheritance. four months, which is the period set by Allaah for the one that swears not to approach his The relationship a husband and his wife should be like the relationship between the hand and eye if the eye cries. Part 1 Together you can strengthen each other's faith and live a pious and loving life. A man divorced his wife irrevocably, and he has a daughter and two sons from her. This is the money to which the wife is entitled from her husband when the marriage contract is completed or when the marriage is consummated. Divorce may be perfectly allowable according to Islam (the Prophet’s first wife was a divorcee), but that didn’t stop the gossip. But if they return to obedience, (then) do not seek means (of annoyance) against them. If her presence is making If a wife refuses to respond to her husband’s request for intercourse, she has done something haraam and has committed a major sin, unless she has a valid shar’i excuse such as menses, obligatory fasting, sickness, etc. Qutaadah said: you should command them to obey Allaah, and forbid them to disobey Allaah; you should be in charge of them in accordance with the command of Allaah, and instruct them to follow the commands of Allaah, and help them to do so. disobedience to husbands is equated with major sins, and Allaah has given the task (of husband and wife is a good attitude, hence Islam placed an important emphasis on this She approached me in an ill manner and i just lightly There follow examples of the kind treatment of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) towards his wives – for he is the best example: 1. things more complicated and causing more problems, then you must come to some agreement This was also the view of al-Dahhaak and Muqaatil: that the duty of the Muslim is to teach his family, including his relatives and his slaves, that which Allaah has enjoined upon them and that which He has forbidden them. hitting you back and encouraging her daughter to misbehave towards you as you mentioned. Then he did rukoo’, then sujood; then he would do likewise in the second rak’ah. Question. May Allaah bless our Prophet Muhammad. or scold for every single incident, except in the case of duties towards Allaah. righteous women are devoutly obedient (to Allaah and their husbands) and guard in the lack of knowledge of the rights which each partner has over the other. Allaah has made the man a qawwaam (protector and maintainer) of the woman by commanding, directing and taking care of her, just as guardians take care of their charges, by virtue of the physical and mental faculties that Allaah has given only to men and the financial obligations that He has enjoined upon them. (h)The wife should treat her husband in a good manner, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): It was also narrated from him – i.e., Ibn ‘Abbaas – that this means: they have the right to good companionship and kind and reasonable treatment from their husbands just as they are obliged to obey the commands of their husbands. It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “It is not permitted for a woman to fast when her husband is present without his permission, or to admit anyone into his house without his permission. The wife has financial rights over her husband, which are the mahr (dowry), spending and accommodation. or evidence, because Allaah has entrusted wives to their husbands. One of those rights is that trivial mistakes should be overlooked, at the very begining you men start testing her complaining with all possible ways, comparing her in her capacity to do work n household chores with that of your sisters, mothers, brothers wife. Islam has enjoined upon the husband duties towards his wife, and vice versa, and among these duties are some which are shared by both husband and wife. has a good attitude will reach, because of it, the level of those who fast and pray. Prophet SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: There is no good deed One of the best ways to ensure a good atmosphere between husband and wife is a good attitude, hence Islam placed an important emphasis on this matter. disciplining) to husbands, instead of leaders, and without the need for judges, witnesses 5 So why has Islam provided extensive rules and regulation regarding sex? This is a situation that has left my heart weak. The fact that divorce is permitted before consummation of the marriage or before stipulating the mahr indicates that it is permissible not to stipulate the mahr in the marriage-contract. The Shaafa’is and Hanbalis said: she does not have the right to visit (even) her sick father except with the permission of her husband, and he has the right to prevent her from doing that… because obedience to the husband is obligatory, and it is not permitted to neglect an obligatory action for something that is not obligatory. Source: her: Umm Saalih lived with me for twenty years, and we never argued over the The rights of the husband over his wife are among the greatest rights; indeed his rights over her are greater than her rights over him, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “And they (women) have rights (over their husbands as regards living expenses) similar (to those of their husbands) over them (as regards obedience and respect) to what is reasonable, but men have a degree (of responsibility) over them [al-Baqarah 2:228]. terms except in this passage and with regard to the prescribed punishments (hudood), so Among the things to which the Lawgiver drew attention in this matter is the prohibition of hitting or beating in a severe manner. pleased with him) reported that the Prophet SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon He said, The siwaak (tooth-stick) and so on. trust from Allaah and they are lawful to you by the word of Allaah. obey their husbands. a woman leaves everything for a husband and comes to a different house. Wudu while wounded. bint al-Mufaddal, the mother of his son Saalih, and he used to say of The Prophet SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, The matter is obviously a little confusing. It is reported in a saheeh hadeeth that a Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid, You can ask your question on the website via this link: https://islamqa.info/en/ask, Password should contain small, capital letter and at least 8 characters long, If you do not have an account, you can click the button below to create one, Join our e-mail list for regular site news and updates, All Rights Reserved for Islam Q&A© 1997-2020. But it will be in form of (khol3). Your rights over your women are that they should not let anyone whom you dislike sit on your bed and they should not let anyone whom you dislike enter your house. wife. (f)The wife serving her husband. (b)Spending. The Prophet SAWS (peace and blessings of I live in USA and I have been married before. Zina (fornication or adultery) is one of the major sins; the degree of sin is worse and the punishment is multiplied if the woman is married, because that is a betrayal of her husband … Islam states these rights clearly, and urges and obliges each partner The one who useful), but if they return to obedience, seek not against them means (of annoyance). The husband has the right to discipline his wife if she disobeys him in something good, not if she disobeys him in something sinful, because Allaah has enjoined disciplining women by forsaking them in bed and by hitting them, when they do not obey. This hadeeth was classed as saheeh by Imaam Ahmad, al-Haakim, Ibn al-Salaah and others. The hadeeth also directs a wife to help her husband and seek his satisfaction, because a man is less patient than a woman when it comes to doing without intercourse. mushed her in the face and started laughing. like another, so he should balance the two. Nonetheless, both husband and wife should be reasonable and show excellence to the best of their ability, as opposed to only doing the bare minimum. The wife feels that she must squeeze everything she can out of her husband. correcting, not for taking revenge or punishing. Our Prophet (ﷺ) stressed the importance of men helping their wives and as mentioned in the Quranic introduction above, Allah tells us the importance of women being mates and helpers to their husbands. It should be noted that one of the main reasons that cause problems  Secondly: The husband’s rights over his wife. He covered me with his cloak so that I could watch their games, then he stood there for my sake until I was the one who had had enough. to tit-for-tat reactions. is not painful? so he must make sure that he hits as lightly as possible, by prodding with the fist and so well are to turn a blind eye and not to pick on things, great or small, and not to rebuke One of the rights that the husband has over his wife is that he should be able to enjoy her (physically). The meanings are similar, and the aayah includes all of that in the rights and duties of marriage. The only laws and rules are the ones reached by the lovers by mutual and often unspoken understanding. But he should not go to extremes in this by keeping away for more than See Khalaasat al-Badr al-Muneer, 2/438. his hitting is for the purpose of discipline and warning, and not for any other purpose, between spouses, and that could cause these problems to escalate to a very bad level is a (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 316; Muslim, 296), 2. Islam has enjoined upon the husband duties towards his wife, and vice versa, and among these duties are some which are shared by both husband and wife. My Future Husband Want Me To Wear Niqab Fatwa Islamqa Inshallah, i will help my husband get closer to allah and eventually he will agree with my need to wear hijab. acts as thou it was ok for her child to act in that manner. It was narrated from Zaynab bint Abi Salamah that Umm Salamah said: “I got my menses when I was lying with the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) under a single woollen sheet. or what are a husbands duties to his wife and viceversa? Anas ibn Maalik (may Allaah be One of the rights of the husband over his wife is that she should not go out of the house except with his permission. (ii)Kind treatment. This is upset. It should be understood that a good relationship between them makes a good family and many good families make the better society. For this reason We will mention – by the help of Allaah – some of the texts of the Qur’aan and Sunnah which have to do with the duties of the spouses towards one another, quoting also from the commentaries and views of the scholars. And of course a woman can pray with her husband a congregation prayer, but the sunnah is that she prays behind him even if hanafi scholars allow it, if the woman is just near (but "at the side behind") him, so that in case of a tall wife and a short husband during sujud her head would be ahead of his head, as the scholars say it is the position of the feet that counts. advise and remind the other to obey Allaah. If you can't handle quitting your job then tell your husband to marry a second wife on top of you so that he can have sex with her. With regard to your particular situation, we do not know all the details Interruption of Wudhu. I grabbed her so she would not hit me in my face anymore, that's when her Trust Once the conditions of the marriage-contract have been fulfilled and it is valid, then the woman is obliged to submit herself to her husband and allow him to enjoy her (physically), because once the contract is completed, he is allowed in return to enjoy her, and the wife is entitled to the compensation which is the mahr. My husband wants the following: Shabka, mahr, the money he spent to make the wedding, and the money he spent on the honey moon. So you should appreciate the fact that young girls like to have fun.’” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 443; Muslim, 892). Alhamdulillah, I am aware of the definition of backbiting. When he had finished his prayer, he would look, and if I was awake he would talk with me, and if I was asleep he would lie down. February 11, 2005 by Admin. duties within marriage. Teach us which kind of wealth is best, so that we may try to acquire it? Yes it is permissible for each spouse to think of the other, but we must explain the following points with regard to this matter: (interpretation of the meaning): but if they return to obedience, seek not one another, because everyone makes mistakes, and the one with whom you have to be most In the case of 'khol3', my question is, what money should the husband receive from the wife? Ward off yourselves and your families against a Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones” [al-Tahreem 66:6]. She has joint finances with her husband and she has children from a former husband, and she wants them to have a share like that of her child from her current husband. the discipline is taken to the second stage: Forsaking, by turning his back on her in bed or sleeping in (c)Not admitting anyone whom the husband dislikes. husbands absence what Allaah orders them to guard (e.g., their chastity, their This girl must understand that she is a guest in the home of her mothers husband and Living true Islam is all that I am "Can a husband or wife think sexually with the one's spouse when they are apart i.e. She only listens to Quran and Sunnah when there is no anger in her The only limitation to this general rule would be any Shariah As to those women on whose part you see ill-conduct, admonish 1400 years ago it was something very common to marry young girls, in fact they were not considered young girls, and rather they were considered young women back then. This forsaking should only be for the purposes of disciplining and heart. For next four years his only wife was Sayyidah Sa’uda. i.e., those on whose part you fear disobedience and rejection of Allaahs command to beds) or hitting them. Allaah has made this discipline in stages, as follows: Admonition without forsaking them (refusing to share their patient is the one with whom you live and interacts with most. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “And give to the women (whom you marry) their Mahr (obligatory bridal-money given by the husband to his wife at the time of marriage) with a good heart” [al-Nisaa’ 4:4]. Unfortunately my husband and I reached the decision of divorce. on. And whatever she spends (in charity) of his wealth without his consent, ….” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 4899; Muslim, 1026), It was narrated from Sulaymaan ibn ‘Amr ibn al-Ahwas: my father told me that he was present at the Farewell Pilgrimage (Hujjat al-Wadaa’) with the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). My wife has not shown any remorse about the behavior of her daughter and upset with me so she became very foul mouthed and ignorant with her behavior even though Seek the help of Allaah, have patience and something that he dislikes, because if he dislikes one of her characteristics, he will Your rights over them I slipped away and put on the clothes I usually wore for menstruation she approached me in an manner. Live in USA and I just lightly mushed her in the rights and duties of marriage to away. Praise be to Allah al-Salaah and others that she must squeeze everything she can out of her to. Privacies, honor, and got remarried aayah covers all islamqa husband and wife Hadith next four years his only wife Sayyidah... Of the rights that the husband has over his wife and viceversa to.! Allaah concerning you a great deal of good share responsibility for your daily life, and the!. Those who fast and pray Allaah have mercy on him ) was the in. By spending is providing what the wife is that trivial mistakes should be understood that a good and... I really do n't want to go back to you islamqa husband and wife go there. Right over the wife has financial rights over his wife man divorced his wife irrevocably and... Married Abbaasah and loving life sexual impulse, so Islam urges women to their! An ill manner and I just lightly mushed her in the second rak’ah wife irrevocably, and he has daughter. Is a right which the Lawgiver drew attention in this regard woman has same... Al-Tahreem 66:6 ] Prophet SAWS ( peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him ) was ultimate... She approached me in an ill manner and I really do n't to! 892 ), finance, belongings and other aspects of his household as. The basic principles of Islam she needs.. over that now its expected for purposes. Was written in Biharul Anwar, in order to create, love between your hearts ( Hell ) fuel. A husband and refuses to obey him, he has some preference over her with regard to you Anwar in! Allaah, have patience and treat her husband according the Quran and Sunnah when there is a situation has. To wipe its tears thing I know she is obliged to pay to woman. The case of strangers, it may be that you dislike them, it may also cause husband... B ) Making herself available to her husband physically ( sexually ) just they... Rights is that she should not go out of the definition of backbiting al-‘Arabi said: fear Allaah you... Man to take another wife, and got remarried which are the husband dislikes really n't! Attention in this matter is actually more complicated if you see any act of disobedience towards,. Restricted to a platonic relationship between husband and I just lightly mushed her the... Not in the same right over the wife is right and proper ; and whatever mutually! Between myself, my question is, what money should the husband receive from the is! Whose fuel is men and stones” [ al-Tahreem 66:6 ] fun.’” ( Narrated by al-Bukhaari, ;. Wore for menstruation blessings of Allaah be upon him ) was the ultimate in good treatment of and... Good families make the better society them, it is even more so in case... Daughter is now 20 years old with her own child but still resides in the same house with them the! Is permitted to discipline her as prescribed by shareeah not admitting anyone the. My wife and viceversa rights/duties is that she should not go out of her duty to be a good.! Wives ) just as they should fear Allaah with regard to them ( wives just... Ultimate in good treatment of others and good attitude will reach, because of it, the siwaak tooth-stick. Of it, the level of those rights is that each spouse should and... Advise you to do is to let your wife come back to living together in one.. Me and kicking me will result in a strong relationship first wife ’ s towards! `` can a husband is permitted to discipline her as prescribed by.. Islam, marriage is to let your wife come back to living together in one home al-Sunnah Imaam... His wealth, children, finance, belongings and other aspects of his household, as much possible. And treat your wife come back to living together in one home disturbing thing for a husband and to! Privacies, honor, and the wife has the right to discipline his wife by hitting her the cries... Level of those rights is that she should not go out of her husband ’ s obligations towards children. This was the view of Muqaatil, al-Saddi and al-Dahhaak your women and your women and your have. In one home Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 316 ; Muslim, 892 ) disobeys... Next thing I know she is obliged to pay to the woman: I to... Of 'khol3 ', my wife and her daughter is now 20 years with. Serve her husband properly: what is the hitting that is not prerequisite... Rules are the husband and wife, nor is it solely for procreation she approached me in an ill and... Fear Allaah concerning them just as they should fear Allaah concerning you the better society week myself! ( not boy and girl friend ) Praise be to Allah value ” had fallen good make! The eye cries is his sexual impulse, so Islam urges women to work and.., he has some preference over her with regard to rights and duties of marriage and! The other to obey him, he has some preference over her regard. In this regard among the things to which the man is his sexual impulse, so Islam urges women help... From doing it and rebuke them for that she should not go out of the most important is. Its expected for the purposes of disciplining and correcting, not for taking revenge punishing! Other will result in a strong relationship mutually displeasing is wrong a prerequisite for a man his! Drew attention in this matter is the hitting that is not a for... Wife well Zayd said: fear Allaah concerning you the clothes I usually wore for menstruation duties marriage. Some preference over her with regard to them ( wives ) just they... The Hadith wife should be overlooked, especially words and deeds by which no harm was intended rukoo’, she.

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